App Marketing. Guida per promuovere la tua app (Esperto in un click) (Italian Edition)

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Reservations: Sun-Fri Sat Beit Haamudim — 14 Rambam St. Tel Aviv. Sostenere significa partecipare. La musica come forma di integrazione e di miglioramento delle condizioni sociali. Dialogo, diritti umani e rispetto tra le diverse culture ,questo insegna il jazz. To support means to participate.

Music is a form of integration and improvement of social conditions. Dialogue, human rights and respect between different cultures, this is jazz. An italian radio program conducted by Andy Simoniello transmitted every tuesday evening, with rock, progressive, jazz, country, folk and many other kind of alternative music. Play completely jazz music during the all program on the occasion of the Jazz International Day, every year.

Web on www. Italian hour. An evening between music from New Orleans to European modern repertoire. Proficient in a multitude of styles, he records and performs in virtually every genre of popular music with both independent and major-label artists. He also composes and produces original instrumental music under his own name. Hasta Resort located in Asti Italy for the second year will host , under the direction of the great trumpetist Felice Reggio, more than thirty musician in six sets from 5pm to late night.

From Brazilian harmonies to Charlie Parker through best standards of all time. A streaming event broadcasted on our Facebook page www. Starting on Il progetto nasce dalla passione dei vari componenti di costituire un gruppo affiatato e compatto con lo scopo comune di ricreare un orchestra Jazz che possa riproporre grandi brani standard della tradizione contemporanea jazzistica ma dare spazio ad un vero e proprio laboratorio di arrangiamento di pezzi originali dei componenti della Big Band. The ERJ Orchestra composed of 16 elements and directed by trombonist and teacher Roberto Rossi, is made up of well-known professional Jazz musicians from Emilia Romagna as well as integrated with some of the best young talents and students of the region.

The project stems from the passion of the various components to form a close-knit and compact group with the common aim of recreating a Jazz orchestra that can reproduce great standard pieces of the contemporary jazz tradition but give space to a real laboratory for arranging original pieces of the components of the Big Band.

The knowledge of the Jazz scene, national and international, owned by the directors and founders, by the collaborators, as well as by the other participants facilitates the. Sixth edition of Bergamo International Jazz Day from 6 to 30 April Italian musicians, 18 events, 1 seminar, 10 locations, 2 photo exhibitions, 30 hours of music, 1 conference on jazz teaching. Vi invitiamo ad una giornata interamente dedicata alla musica il primo maggio presso la nostra sede in via Corte agli Orti n. In questo giardino noi abbiamo il nostro studio di registrazione il Monteggiori Studio.

We invite you to a day entirely dedicated to music on May 1st at our headquarters in via Corte agli Orti n. There will be an outdoor party on a lawn in front of a small stage where many concerts took place last year. In this garden we have our recording studio, the Monteggiori Studio. From to in the garden of the association there will be an outdoor party, in front of the Palco al Bosco where the concert will take place. The event will be reserved for members of the association, who will be able to register on the site.

The Palco al Bosco is a platform at the foot of the forest, so a place immersed in the greenery and countryside of this medieval village that climbs up on the Versilia hills: Monteggiori in the municipality of Lucca. Perfect place to spend the first May outdoors!! The Conservatory of Music will host a jazz masterclass and will sponsor many concerts in pubs throughout Campobasso during the day. Sicily is Jazz the origins of a secular music that finds its roots even in the beautiful island of Sicily and in the emigration of the Sicilians to the United States of America in the early s.

The conference held by journalist Gianmichele Taormina will introduce us to incredible characters who gave birth to Jazz, for example for the trumpet player of Sicilian origins Nick La Rocca. They may have blown your mind on jam session night but they are important to jazz in other ways. They tell others about you, show up to hear you on a rainy night and make the effort to tell the venue how good you are. My Capri IJD event will show the world how much we all love and appreciate them. Hear what my search yielded and enjoy some great jazz.

Progettare il futuro senza dimenticare le radici,la storia, il patrimonio tramandato dalle voci e dagli strumenti delle vite passate. Questo progetto musicale vuole essere un tributo alla tradizione popolare di Capitanata, rivitalizzata in chiave jazz. Altro obiettivo importante de. Finding a possible connection between jazz and the popular tradition of the Gargano and Monti Dauni is one of the reasons that inspired the birth of Pasta Nera Jazz Project.

Design the future without forgetting the roots, history, heritage handed down by the voices and by the tools of past lives. This musical project aims to be a tribute to the popular tradition of Capitanata, revitalized in a jazz key. Another important objective of. We do it with an extraordinary quartet, the Pasta Nera Jazz Project who are also marking the release of their new album on April 15th.

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Casalmaggiore Jazz Day hits his 8th edition; since the beginning, CJD hosts a concert with more than 40 musicians in the Theatre of Casalmaggiore. The earnings are used then to promote activities in the schools to promote and surround jazz and live music. Musicians are a mix of professionals and not, hitting the stage together in celebration of jazz music.

On the occasion of International Jazz Day , guitarist Tommaso Gambini, who has been living in New York City for some years, brought together some of the most interesting musicians of the new New York music scene, including the saxophonist Dayna Stephens. Due sono le cose importanti che accadono a questo punto: fondano un quartetto in cui suonare insieme ed iniziano una ricerca spasmodica sulle origini del loro cognome comune. There are two things important that happen at this point: they establish a quartet in which to play together and begin a spasmodic search on the origins of their common surname.

They discover that they are very distant cousins of the well-known brothers and inventors of the cinema, therefore irremediably condemned to pay tribute to them in some way. From this was born the idea of building and proposing to the public a repertoire that explores more or less famous jazz themes. The big band is directed by Claudio Bianzino from Vercelli and is composed of young musicians from 18 to 80 years old.

This year we will give a musical tribute to one of the most important arrangers and composers for big bands: Sammy Nestico. The concert will be free as usual. On 30 April the whole world celebrates jazz. Here at DaMe, where jazz is at home and freedom of expression is a shared value, we are enthusiastic to support International Jazz Day with a special and exclusive event in partnership with Dannata Balera, the coolest radio nightclub in Italy.

And as usual, here at DaMe, whoever wants to jam can always join in. Dj expert in black music and jazz in particular, Vincenzo Altini began his career in the late 70s in a scanti. Contact: gerardo albanese Official Website: Click here. Tuesday, April 30, from 3. A sparkling jazz festival, with international star, local and young musicians. Two concerts are scheduled on the occasion of International Jazz Day:. Interactive concert aimed at students interested in developing mature human relationships and group work methodologies. Istituto I. Fiocchi, Lecco, Via Belfiore 4.

First set: The other musicians of this quartet are: pianist and composer Luca Aletta, Stefano Cardillo on double bass and Alessandro Borgia on drums. Data: 28 aprile , al tramonto Luogo: terrazza. His great rhythmic and melodic expressive capacity have made the French musician one of the most recognizable pianists in the world jazz scene, collecting in a few years a rich discography. We will also talk about the strength of character of Michel who, afflicted by a rare congenital disease, also known as glass or crystal bone syndrome, was able to unleash his unparalleled creativity, sublimating it into music.

Date: April 28, , at sunset Place: terrace. Alle in piaz. Cattani, M. Nardi e F. Viene propoato un viaggio tra jazz, bossa nova, funky e swing e anche famosi brani di black music internazionale. Alle ore Nardi and F. A journey through jazz, bossa nova, funk and swing and even famous international black music tracks is proposed. This initiative, carried out by students and professors, aims to support the study of the jazz method including the necessary theoretical and practical knowledge to stimulate the capacity for improvisation, imagination and initiative of the young performers.

At Two shows for a long amazing jam session! Dopo un breve ricordo di Nicola Arigliano a cura del dott. After a brief recollection of Nicola Arigliano by dr. Alfonso Renna president of the Nicola Arigliano Jazz Club, the Tucson Quartet will make a musical tribute by performing some of the most famous successes of the Squinzanese Crooner, following the tribute to the Real Book of Jazz with the execution of standards, among the best known. Casapozzano where a food stand will be set up with typical products of the territory.

A show that combines reading, slide show, piano performances and dialogues with a musical quintet, without interruption, inside the oldest Sicilian opera house, the Teatro Santa Cecilia in Palermo. Twenty-four hours of jazz history, live guests, and free access and promotion of emerging jazz artists … and much of the best international jazz. A day dedicated to jazz. From 10 am to midnight, an event relay dedicated to the international jazz day.

Organized Workshop for Expressive Vitality , a format for developing and sharing original music, where the idea is to invite an Italian artist — in this case trumpeter Giovanni Falzone to present his own vision of music and share it with all those who want to take part in the laboratory. It will be an afternoon dedicated to experimentation and exchange, to which any musician can participate for free.

The work done during the day of rehearsals will turn into a live concert, performed by all the participants the same evening. A Marching Band will play to escort for the children of a primary school in Piacenza Italy who are going to school. The band will walk with them on their way from home to school by foot. New unmissable appointment with good jazz music, signed Oltretromba Jazz Club, Wednesday 3 April, at 8.

The group, all from Salento, is composed of Gabriele Rampino tenor and soprano sax, sound design , Maurizio Bizzochetti guitars , Maurizio Ripa piano , Maurizio Manca electric bass and Daniele Bonazzi drums and will propose original songs signed by Rampino and Ripa contained on the disc.

The Smile Orchestra brings together 20 outstanding musicians to play the music of the legendary big bands as well as contemporary favorites in a big band setting. The band covers all styles of jazz and swing music including Glenn Miller, Benny Goodman, and beyond. The Smile Orchestra maintains a busy concert schedule. Founded in and directed by Catalin Montanaro. The band has received many individual and ensemble awards at local, state, and regional festivals. Concerti da Tavolo, whispered music… Just a table, brushes, a guitar and a confidential alto sax.

New Orleans, Swing, Bossa Nove etc. Now live in Rome! Contact: Massimo Official Website: Click here. Al pianoforte Max Fantolini ed al contrabbasso Giulio Boschi. On the piano, Max Fantolini, on double bass Giulio Boschi. A special dinner event in Salerno Italy with Cyrano Vatel trio. Jazz Manouche and gourmet kitchen for un unusual tuesday night! Students will be introduced to jazz music through the intervention of the musician Luigi Mosso to integrate a musical path held by the expert Sonia Peana.

The objective of JAIN is to facilitate the creativity and open artistic exchange by connecting jazz music youth of different cultural, social, economic and geographic origins. Blind Blake Blind Willie. Johnson Blind Willie Mc. A perfect combination of food and music. On Tuesday 30th April, come and have a walk and something to eat in Town. Enjoy the music that will spread in the air: from The beautiful town of Taormina in Sicily, Italy, will host 7 jazz bands in its most beautiful streets, squares and palaces, from 5 pm until late at night.

Lucatelli School-Tolentino 5 p. Elpidio Jazz and Round Music. The concert will take place on April the 26th inside one of the oldest historical church of Trapani, in the heart of the old town and will features several combos of students, a vocal ensemble and a final jam session with students and teachers of the Jazz Dept. The concert has been organized by the Jazz Department of the A. Scontrino Conservatory, thanks to the precious help of the conservatory director Walter Roccaro and in association with Trapani City Hall.

Ensembles of students from the Jazz dept. Francesco Guaiana jazz guitar teacher. Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers of Art Blakey are to be recognized as main exponents and therefore ideal models. The horn section is compact in harmony and travels on the swing of the rhythm section with a decidedly more contemporary drive, sometimes dirty and indecipherable. Aldo, Blake e Youssef si conoscono nella primavera a Bologna, scatta immediata una rara sintonia umana e musicale.

I tre intraprendono un pellegrinaggio sonoro tra funk e Africa, richiami anglosassoni e il blues. Aldo, Blake and Youssef got to know each other in spring in Bologna, a rare human and musical harmony was immediate. The three undertake a sound pilgrimage between funk and Africa, Anglo-Saxon recalls and the blues. Working hard in the rehearsal room, recording albums and doing a lot of live performances, the trio focuses on a singular sound over time, which goes beyond the boundaries of instrumental music fans, to reach a wider audience.

The concert will celebrate top jazz players of the present and the past. As the eponymous album, released in , moves along artistic coordinates that arouse an immediate impact. Orville Hammond, Jon Williams, K. This year we have over 20 venues over artists participating in the event. We are selling Jazz Festival T-shirts and again this year, we will donate a percentage of sales to the kids!

Jazz Auditoria offers a place to all music lovers to enjoy live music with family and friends and to experience global cultures through Jazz music — more friendly and casually. It is the biggest jazz festival in Shiga Prefecture,Japan. City halls, shops, parks, plazas, etc. You can enjoy all the stages free of charge. Local Mid-school and High-school students will be invited to the workshop, having an educational and exciting experience with international Jazz Players.

This year 57 bands will be performing live jazz shows at 12 venues near JR Iwakuni train station all through the day to celebrate the International Jazz Day. Explore the Secrets of Music Together! I want to play an instrument, but how do I practice? I want to play cool jazz! Just watching, just listening are welcome! Want to play with jazz musicians? Capacity around 30 people.

The only visit is also OK! A jazz event named Azalea, the flower of the city of Maizuru. As of today, our commitment is to do at least 2 nights at 2 different clubs, but we are aiming for nights at as many clubs. We will reach out to other groups doing IJD events here to create a single, unified image for music fans. Come for an afternoon of jazz from around the world, with DJ sets by Mr. Celebrating International Jazz day. Celebrating 6 years of Jazz for Syria. Celebrating 15 years of Jazz Lives in Syria festival. In Amman Tue. For more information : ammanjazz.

The Curti brothers, Michael and Nicolas, are playing music together since their childhood. They have a jazz trio with the well known contrebassist Alain James Meyer. In Warche, Tripoli, Nicolas on the drums and Michael on the piano will be joined by other jazz musicians who will jam with them. This evening will be also the occasion to find out about Akkar Beituna, an association helping women and children since in the area of Mechmech. Ghalia Taleb, the creator of the association, will do a short presentation. However, he has been a resident of Amsterdam for many years.

Since , trumpeter Gerard Kleijn has led a very wide variety of groups and has made 10 CDs as a leader. Amman Jazz Festival is in its 8th year. To celebrate diversity and cultural fusion, the festival will present a great variety of Jazz to the public, from straight-up to avant-garde as well as Latin, Oriental jazz fusion and everything in between, performed by stellar international and regional musicians. The International Jazz Festival in Almaty, Kazakhstan existing from and gathered more then musicians in Almaty.

This bright event is annual and supported by diplomatic missions and companies. Finally we are honored to partner with a project known as the Jazz Sister Cities. Jazz Sister Cities promotes Jazz as a tool for Building Cultural Bridges globally through engagement and collaboration with cities, programs, and artists. Art of Jazz is an exciting season of new sounds in jazz, featuring a live performance, bringing deeply rooted musical Jazz influences from the continent and beyond. Art of Jazz is an event produced and organized by Entertainment. We are pleased and grateful to our partners for their support in programming and presenting Art of Jazz on the International Jazz Day.

Bringing positive change in our communities through Music. The Hiphop Jazz Street Festival will showcase an infusion of hip hop, old school and new, to the harmonies of jazz instrumentals. This fun-filled day is to provide perfect platform for local artists, family and friends to mingle and sample some of the products, including artworks, music, fashion, food stuffs among others on display. Under the patronage of the U. Andres is an American mixed media painter and collagist whose bold and expressive art is a visual representation of jazz music. Our school jazz band will be performing at the spring concert in the auditorium.

The entire 6 band program will also be performing this evening. The International Jazz Festival Vientiane is a yearly jazz event over two days in Vientiane, Lao PDR, now running for its 5th edition with local and international artists. On April 4th, during the Contest Concert all contestants who have been invited to Riga will perform to qualify for the finals. This year, for the 6th time already, the organizers of International Jazz Day Latvia — Wise Music Society — will unite the largest Latvian cities for jazz concerts, jam sessions, workshops and educational events dedicated to the genre.

The main concert this year is happening in Riga at VEF Culture Palace, continuing with the workshop at Kanepes Culture centre on May 1st, with a series of jam sessions and other surprises to be announced on the webpage www. We are iviting everyone to participate in our event in a beautiful place located in Ventspils, Latvia. In the beginning of evening there will be a small concert performed by students and teachers of Ventspils Music College.

Plus every year we collaborate with the Cultural representatives of foreign Embassies to bring International Bands to participate in our International Jazz Day event. Jazz is about change, improv, freedom and movement. Arrthur Satyan Trio is jazzing up this evening in celebration with an all guest star line up! The activities of the event will include a Jazz Music Workshop, a Jam Session for the young upcoming artists with the legacy artists, and a concert. Embassy in Lesotho are partnering to celebrate International Jazz Day and Jazz Appreciation month with a series of events: 1.

Free entry for everyone. Look out for special guests and the music of local and international artists — particularly those performing at May 1 jazz concert.

Eglise Orthodoxe des Gaules | Bethanie |

Hey, the event will characterize by proclamation of world jazz day Peace followed by jazz songs and Hipco songs Liberian music. More to that we will also have performing Liberian artists perform some music songs to spice the day and we would to link with the world jazz main event for this year so we could broadcast some live messages and to grasp the feelings of celebrate with other counterparts.

Sarah Chaksad writes powerful and emotionally charged music. The accompanying musicians give urgency, desire and intensity to her compositions. This year it will take place during the last week of April and will celebrate international jazz day together with last concert on 28th of April by Bobby McFerrin.

Besides Bobby, the festival will host concerts by world renowned musicians such as Joshua Redman, Jeff Lorber and others. The day will unfold in three parts. We invite you to celebrate International Jazz Day together and listen to the most beautiful jazz melodies: from Miles Davis and Chet Baker standards to Latin and bossa nova songs! The second annual St. Jazz performed by the two student jazz combos, a staging of the jazz musical written by the students, great food from the Conterstuff restaurant and all profits to be given to the Arts Scholarship at St.

The 8th edition of Jazz Day in Madagascar will be under the theme of women, with several events planned mainly in the capital but also outside of it. Play music in the street, market. Workshop, about the theory of music, presentation of one instrument, impact of music in the society. Here at Bishop Mackenzie International School, we will be holding a concert where students, parents and staff will perform different Jazz and Blues songs.

Presenting an evening of jazz from its classics to modern fusion. The band comprises some of the best and most talented musicians who have performed in jazz and music festivals in the region. We have been celebrating the International Jazz Day since and this year will be special because it will be in conjunction with the opening of our own Jazz Club in KL. International Jazz Day.. From duos to trios, quartets, quintets and even a full on jazz orchestra.

Not just one, but two!! Bands Performing: 1. PSG 2. Kontra Lokal 3. Joe Burnmark 4. The Bluesmind 5. Gruvitones 6. Mariemaccan 7. Tabuhapat 8. Arm-Punk Syndicate. This Day is celebrated in many parts of the world since , and we will celebrate this year by opening the curtains concerts of the 9th edition on this day. Founded in , the association Nyon Kon Koum Ben has set the goal of promoting the emergence of innovative musical proposals in Mali, promoting meetings between musicians from the South and North through a festival called Jazzy Kum Ben Festival.

The activities are organized around the following: Training sessions, concerts, celebration of International Jazz Day, and musical awareness and enlightenment in schools. The quartet will perform music by some of the greatest names from the 20th Century, such as Herbie Hancock, Woody Shaw, Art Blakey, and more. General music classes participate in singing songs about Jazz and written by Jazz composers.

Various videos clips will be used to showcase Jazz performers. In this concert xibalba presents a mixture of different jazzistic styles such as cool, funk and Latin resulting in original pieces and a new proposal of jazz standard. CDMX center, free admission, tasting of pulque for participating musicians. Italy and Mexico. Saturday, April 27, p. Jazz orchestra formed and directed by the Mexican pianist Christian Bernard since , integrated by great musicians of Mexico, all of them with great musical career.

They commemorate International Jazz Day with a powerful and explosive night, with a lot of swing, playing the music of the most important arrangers of big bands of the world, and three guest singers: Jenny Beaujean, Rodolfo Vera and Jaime Ades. A cultural space for the diffusion of the jazz, the healthy conviviality and care to the environment.

We are committed to the education of students of all ages and cultural. Through performance and interaction, we introduce our audience to musical genres from New Orleans. Contact: Dr. Concerts, master class, workshops, activities for children, scholarships. To take place at Mexico city from april 25 to More than 10 venues. There will be a special production of the program with local musicians to celebrate International Jazz Day. Jazz Day was a notable artistic space in our school, we had different activities, the art class participated with an incredible exercise called vintage jazz inspires by Cliff Roberts and the children of kindergarten three also participated with the choir of the school singing Banana Split foy my baby by Louis Prima filling the place with joy.

En punto de las Horas. About hours. Because we love music, because we love jazz, we have prepared a fun and entertaining program, we assure you that you will have a great time. The Tlalpan International Jazz Day is celebrated, through the participation of national and international jazz groups, as well as academic participants to broaden the context of the celebration through reflection and knowledge, and thereby sensitize the public about the virtues of jazz music, as an educational tool and as a promoter for peace, unity, dialogue and cooperation between different social sectors.

Born under the initiative of musician and composer Steven Brown, the Kafka Ensemble has dedicated itself to the investigation of the traditional sounds of the Oaxacan mountain bands and has integrated them into pieces of their authorship with a contemporary style. Concert in tribute to Michael Brecker, composer and American tenor saxophone, but also outstanding soprano performer, EWI, flute, piano and drums.

Local and international jazz musicians celebrating the Jazz Day and in Mexico is also Childrens Day so we combine both celebrations from 10 am until 11 pm. Conferencia para los estudiantes de preparatoria del Colegio Helen Parkhurst. Conference for high school students of Helen Parkhurst College.

Event aimed at forming new audiences for jazz. At the end of the screening CDs will be given to attendees. Programa especial dedicado al trompetista fallecido en , Roy Hargrove. Special program dedicated to the trumpeter who died in , Roy Hargrove. Part of his musical work will be broadcast live. Saltillo Big Band, the largest jazz ensemble in the state of Coahuila Mexico , presents a concert to celebrate international day of Jazz in the heart of the city of Saltillo, in Tiyahui House.

Additionally, an allusive film about Jazz will be screened prior to the concert. In this edition, the FIJ expands its borders and proposes an itinerant agenda, taking jazz for the first time to the best forums, public spaces and cultural spaces of the state of Puebla. La entrada para ambos conciertos es libre. The freedom and dialogue that your notes inspire are part of the values of our organization. On this occasion we will celebrate surrounded by friends and the most representative musicians of the local scene with a Jam Session night.

And because a single day is not enough, on Saturday April 27 as every Saturday of the year, we will have jazz, that night in after Jam at p. On this occasion we can listen to Parzz Trio, our JazzUV teachers in a unique presentation and the special performance of Orbis Tertius. Avec les solistes : Billie Jean en entier. Theme: Meet these two styles through a musical journey tracing artists, standards and musical trends that have influenced the history of jazz to the present day.

A few years ago, uniquely elsewhere in the world, Ella Fitzgerald was born to be the best musician of the world. Every song that passed through her melodious voice produced life. All the singers from the GMUB project are excited to share the tidal wave and their voices for her. We are confident that you will arrive. In other words, the most famous jazz artist in Mongolia today is Martin Zenker. South Africa, South Africa, Mongolia, South Africa, the musician of the jazz music genre, and the musician who is the only musician in the world, he has written only his original works for collaborating with three different countries, including English, Korean and American artists.

The main event will gather over jazz lovers. The best of the Mongolian jazz singers and artists will perform at the event. And this year our school is a bit busy around this April 30th, however, I really would like to celebrate this wonderful event with our Kindergarten students this Friday, Apr. It is a bit earlier but we would like to let you know that we are with you with snapping, beep bumping, di-bopping.

Hope you all have a wonderful Jazzy day! You can pre-order the record and get the physical copy when it becomes available in a couple of weeks. Students age 7 to 9 in year 3 and 4 in Knightsbridge school International Montenegro will be listening to Jazz music. They will be responding in writing adding at least ten descriptive words about music they listened to and draw a picture about it. She translated dozens of jazz standards in Montenegrin language putting them into the play with her own arrangements and band, mixing genres.

Embassy in Montenegro. The admission is free. Thus, we will have performances on 4th, 11th, 18th and 25th April. It will be performances for limited invited people. We plan to feature kids, students, of music in order to inspire and motivate them with this beautiful means of creating, and to bring the message of peace to the world, also a few jazz bands and it will eventually lead to a jam session.

We aim to promote and share the love of jazz music at this corner of this world. The event will take place in Matola Maputo. The organizing team has done two similar events in the past two years. Line up is still a work in progress but we expect to have a top figure Jimmy Dludlu.

In this third consecutive edition, the organizing team will not do anything different, it will be a time to put on stage young national bands aligned with Moz Jazz Gurus and as a tradition, play our Marrabenta Jazz ….. Pemba, Mozambique has just begun its journey into the Jazz World. Tambo Tambulani Tambo began that journey last January and we are happy again to be a part of the great Jazz Tradition.

During the last week of April will begin the Jazz Workshops, Jazz Films and discussions, that will culminate in a grand concert on the 30th of April. There will also be smaller events in and around the city of Pemba. Contact: Edward S. Katjazz International Festival is an educational event for musicians that want to build a career in the arts. There are workshops by many international artists, which are open to anyone who is interested.

From the participants, a few students will be selected to receive a scholarship to study music for 8 months. Everyone is welcome. The students will be selected from the workshops starting from the 20th of April. The Louis van Dijk Award is a new award for young composers and arrangers for jazz music. This award is named after the famous Dutch Jazz pianist Louis van Dijk.

Hlib Baisha will perform his winning pieces. He unfortunately passed away in Also during this concert the Peter Guidi Foundation will be announced. A special International Jazz Day Session with international, young and acclaimed talent at the cafe — led by Jasper Blom. In collaboration with the Music Conservatory of Amsterdam.

International Jazz Day will be celebrated for the first time in New Caledonia this year! In addition to two concerts, Anita will be meeting with the public during a mini-workshop on Saturday 27 at 10 AM. All of them are free and open to all. Jazz is new to my music students aged between 12 — 18 but in the 18 months we have been building repertoire and looking at Jazz as a style for them to learn, it has been a journey full of fun, learning, challenges and confidence building.

It is to share our students love of jazz with the community which I believe is what music is all about. Passion, Love, Sharing and Communicating with others. They will lead afternoon student workshops, and invite students to perform at the evening concert that includes local reggae band Roots Provider.

An intimate evening showcasing the collaborative exploration of romantic love recorded by John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman. Event time is h. As an NGO focus on the local community, we have seen first hand challenges that women and young people go through in developing country like Nigeria. We believe Jazz can connect to their souls to ease their pains. Like on the UN website, they said: Jazz stimulates intercultural dialogue and empowers young people from marginalized societies.

However, we have decided to run a sort of campaign on all our media channels by featuring local Jazz players in our Online magazine to talk about their passion for the genre, especially Saxophone players. We have engaged some who have testimonies to share between their music and the local community.

We believe this will be the beginning of bringing together of Jazz artists from different backgrounds that will spur us to organize a victory concert next year. We intend to commemorate the day by educating our followers how Jazz Music can bring in soothing relief to burdens of millions of Africa and the world at large.

The concerts appeal to a broad and complex audience with good music for all age groups! We have planned to celebrate International Jazz Day in our morning Assembly in front of whole school and Parents. The evening will consist of performance by our in house Ensemble who will be performing not only their own compositions but also renditions of famous jazz numbers like Take Five by Dave Brubeck.

Notable members of the musical community have been invited to join us and to revisit the history of Jazz Diplomacy and the impact of Jazz music in Pakistani society.. CONCERT in celebration of International Jazz Day with the group The Panama Sounds and special important Panamanian jazz guests, with the aims of rescuing the values and sharing the message of this universal language, and raising awareness of its history and influence in our country. Organized by Panacultura, an organization committed to promoting art and culture in Panama.. Juan de Salazar joins the global celebration of International Jazz Day with two days full of rhythm with film and music.

For the second year in a row, we will be celebrating Jazz Day. We will have the participation of the Mario Cuba TRIO band, who will be giving master classes in the morning and a concert at night. Organiza la subgerencia de cultura de la municipalidad provincial de Arequipa. Se realizara en una casona que reapertura sus instalaciones. Un lugar muy acogedor para vibrar con el jazz en Arequipa. Larga vida al Jazz!!! The performance features the musical universality of Jazz, which brings cultures together.

This last album was recorded in the Dominican Republic and Peru by musicians from both countries. The Embassy of the Dominican Republic in Peru will participate at the event. Lima city will be host of global celebration in In Delfus Bar, Tauro Producciones Culturales presents jam session with musicians of local scene to have a very close celebration of this day. For the celebration of International Jazz Day in Peru, the legendary jazz musician Nilo Espinoza will perform a repertoire of the great jazz composers to perform the world jazz festival in Peru.

The closing ceremony will take place in the park El Faro, located in Miraflores. The same district where most of the activities of the Jazz Month will be performed. There will be three groups of local musicians performing:. Manila celebrates International Jazz Day with some of the best Philippine jazz artists in a special concert at The Minokaua in Malate. An annual celebration of Jazz in the Philippines with some of the finest Jazz artists both old and young. Our 7th year in participating and joining the whole world in rejoicing in the language of Jazz. Founded in Between April we will organize a series of jazz concerts with musicians from Poland, Great Britain, Hungary and Italy.

Quintet PL. Katowice JazzArt Festival is a international music event that lasts over a week. We penetrate the young European jazz scene, including such rarely explored destinations as Estonia, Spain or Austria, without forgetting however about the most interesting Polish phenomena. The program is available on jazzartfestival. Series of concerts between On April 28, in the prestigious CKK Jordanki concert hall in Torun, a well-known Polish jazz band will be playing to celebrate the jazz holiday organized by the Unesco.

We invite all musicians and, of course, all music lovers. On the occasion of this special holiday, Vertigo prepared surprises for musicians participating in the Jazz Jam Session. Orkana 2. Great jazz tunes, stunning views and memorable events. All within Jazz Spring Zakopane. The fifth edition of the Pauta Jazz festival is back in The festival joins as usual to the celebrations dedicated to the International Day of Jazz, which take place all over the world.

The Pauta Jazz has a comprehensive program, with different artistic approaches to this style of music. In addition to the concerts, the festival features didactic and training activities in the jazz area. This trio shows jazz and improvised music as the backdrop to their repertoire, which includes original themes and arrangements of songs from the national and international popular musical universe. At the end of the afternoon of Sunday concert with the musicians coming from Poland for the festival, the trumpet player Piotr Damasiewicz and the vibraphonist Jan Pawllak, an international participation of the program of the Jazz Guide since this edition.

Three giants of jazz in Portugal that accompany the decades with a refreshed sound and present an incredible concert of great musical complicity. The festival maintains its tradition in what touches on emerging names in the panorama of Jazz in Portugal. There will be no audience, taking advantage of the dialogue between the beauty of the musical language and the strength and monumentality of the Palace, as well as of the surrounding space, the Castle and Saint Mikael Chapel.

Miguel Meirinhos, of the new generation of musicians, Marco Figueiredo and Paulo Barros, both teachers, pianists with well renowned credits, will perform their concerts between 18 and The concerts will be transmitted live. This same group will perform at the headquarters of the Convivio Association, after midnight, a Funk Revival concert, with well-known themes by Herbie Hancock, Weather Report, Jaco Pasctorius, etc.

The evening will end with a jam session, open to all musicians who want to participate. Ne manquez pas! The mountain island of Pico, Azores islands, has been home to improv events annually that celebrate JazzDay incorporated in the Visitarte — arts festival in rural homes and streets. The Big Band of the Municipality of Nazareth is a local amateur musicians formation, with five recorded albums; Concerts in Portugal, Spain, Belgium and Germany, with a presence in several renowned Festivals, Venues and Rooms.

The idea is to bring recognized artists from different music genres in this case Pop-Rock in order to entice audiences to attend jazz concerts. The Eixo is focused in programming concerts in places that are not usual jazz places. You will hear new and composed music specifically for the group and more.

Semester closing concert in commemoration of international jazz day, with free admission to the public. The dixieland combo will present a repertoire dedicated to ragtime and the classic theme of Chalier Bartnet Cherokee which inspired multiple compositions throughout the ages. The Concert Jazz Band big band will be making a repertoire dedicated to fusion with classical, Latin, Brazilian and funk music.

Contact: Prof. Jazz is spiritual and has graudually evolved From the angst of the downtrodden slaves Love is also spiritual — and is a natural emotion A gift from God a compensation for being Human! The participants are Jazz enthusiasts, people of different generations and professions — Vladimir Sorokin — guitar Sergey Kuzmin — guitar, synthesizer Gazinur Safiullov — guitar Gleb Grinevich — tenor saxophone, synthesizer Daria Nechyporenko — vocals Alexander Telegin — drums Alexey Shelmin — drums Antonina Budigina — jazz-dance. Concert on International Jazz Day.

Malik Mustafayev keyboards , Shaban Abdullayev drums and Arthur Zaidiev bass will help us celebrate International Jazz Day together with the whole world in Makhachkala. The songs tell about love and friendship, the stories taking place in St. She worked on this album for three intensive years together with musician and composer Dmitry Semenov.

April 30 at The best examples of traditional jazz music, masterly performance of incendiary standards, modern jazz, enthusiastic premieres, stunning improvisations, emotional jazz vocals and the incredible atmosphere inherent only in this amazing style await you at the celebration of International Jazz Day in the company of the pop-jazz orchestra of the City House of Culture.

Let yourself fall in love with jazz! This is an annual concert which includes different ensembles playing dixielend and big band. Concert of original music by saxophonist Seamus Blake for jazz orchestra. What can be a better way to comprehend the very concept of jazz, as a kind of music and a way of living? Andy Garcia Welcome everyone! Join free and witness the power of spirit, the will to live on, and the love through a broken heart, the love for Country. Famous Russian younger big band! Jazz club Esse has been a part of International Jazz Day already for 5 years and this year the greatest jazz marathon more than 8 hours long will take place in our space!

The legends will be honored by the bests of Russian jazz music stage. Stay in the center of the International Jazz Day celebrating with us! Vadim Eilenkrig is an extraordinary jazz musician, pioneer of collaborations with electronic artists, TV host, educator, sportsman and finally, first tattooed musician to appear on Moscow International House of Music posters. Signature theme composed by Conservatory student Yakov Filin will be premiered at the concert which brings together students Vadim Yampolsky, Alexander Devyatko, Tung Dao Thang, Maria Maksakova, as well as Conservatory academics and Petrozavodsk jazz musicians.

The event is being coordinated by the History of Music sub-department; coordinator is Antonina Maksimova, associate professor of the sub-department. Musicians of the 3rd biggest agglomeration of Russia will unite for concert and jam session at the beautiful public space — Art Campos, a square that unites art, sports and education. Master-class on jazz design and translation of Jazz Day events is planned as well. The program which includes an introduction to jazz, its history, its impact and its future, will run throughout the day with the different levels attending their music classes.

In the evening, the film will again be screened at The Home Cafe where there will also be live jazz music by local musicians. In honor of IJD declared by Unesco, a huge Jam session will be held to celebrate the cohesion between people, the friendship, love and peace that this music can evoke. This year features two gigs for Jazz Day. For 30 April, International Jazz Day, Belgrade Youth Center presents a very special, double music experience, showcasing all the diversity of jazz as art, exiting and true to prevailing 21st century trends, close to all generations.

Ulrich Drechsler, one of the most important contemporary musicians from Austria, will exclusively present the Azure program. Belgrade audience will witness the creation of this project, scheduled to be completed for the Belgrade Jazz Festival With their personal rendition of jazz through electronics, they bring a new dimension and a fresh view on the future of this music genre.

The concert for the International Jazz Day is only a first of many events scheduled to mark the anniversary, 35th edition of the Belgrade Jazz Festival, organized by Belgrade Youth Center and under the City of Belgrade patronage, from 22 to 27 October As every year, the audience will have the opportunity to listen to more than 20 performers and meet the top and latest achievements on the international and national jazz scene.

Jazz Crawl is a festival concept that involves the movement of both performers and audiences from one venue to another. Unlike the big jazz festivals whose program is conditioned by the music market, Jazz Crawl is an intimate musician story in which jazz artists are incorporated by organizers into exclusive small combos only for that night. An additional dynamic of the event is obtained by exchanging artists between two concert blocks. Besides Jazz Crawl, we are also planning other projects that affirm the jazz culture in Belgrade and communicate with cultural centers in the region and beyond.

We are also having them do a research and present a paper on African jazz to the school. Come join Music Improvisation Collective M. This event is open to all ans admission is free! Join us and jam along with us to celebrate Jazz! Admission is Free! UNESCO International Jazz Day highlights jazz and its diplomatic role of uniting people in all corners of the globe to celebrate and learn about jazz and its roots, future and impact, and its role in promoting peace, dialogue among cultures, diversity, and respect for human rights; promoting freedom of expression; fostering gender equality; and reinforcing the role of youth in enacting social change.

The event will be hosted in partnership with Kult Kafe, a renown local arts supporter and event space provider. The winners are chosen by public poll and international professional jury. The awards ceremony will be accompanied by an exclusive concert of three finalists and will be broadcast on television. Bye Ler Bye is a trio from France, the meeting of Florian Demonsant, Wassim Halal and Laurent Clouet around the same interest: to play improvised music that diverts the codes and colors of the music of the Balkans.

These three improvisers go off the beaten path, take risks and push their instruments beyond their limits. A music that does not try to please orientalists, but lets anyone curious to discover a singular universe. This year is the third time we have been participating in an International Jazz Day celebration.

In our town and in the neighborhood the mozi. We would like to introduce and endear jazz to our audience, and the International Jazz Day project is a great help for us to achieve our goals. Li Xiaochuan. Free admission. Tickets are available through Quicket or at the door: R adults and R90 for students and pensioners.

The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt - recensione

Refreshments and CDs will be on sale. Kaleidoscope Cafe — where we Honour the Legends in Music and create a platform for the young, upcoming musicians! LOMK has a menu but it is advisable to bring your own wine should you choose to do so. Join Avzal and New Vintage for an evening of jazz, fusion and latin jazz. A showcase concert that features jazz soloists and ensembles from local primary and secondary school in Durban, as part of the Twosday concert series hosted by the Centre for Jazz and Popular Music at the University of KwaZulu Natal.

The concert will also feature jazz ensembles from the jazz program at UKZN. We will be hosting a few Jazz artists from the record label who will showcase some of their work, in-front of a live studio audience, whilst streaming it on social media and the you tube channel. Jazz is a foundation of many music genres and with that being said, we will explore how Jazz can also be used in life and business.

We will go through the tools that are used in jazz but also apply in life and business — demonstrate how jazz is not lost but rather not noticed as it passes through our day to day activities and eventually a bigger picture. We have declared April jazz month, we plan to host jazz art exhibition, workshop and main day performance of 3 jazz bands on Tuesday 30 April Our venue hosts art events and live music events in Soweto.

Wednesday nights are called Mofolo Jazz nights, to promote local upcoming jazz artists. The aim of the event is to develop the culture of jazz and jazz music appreciation by the community. On 30 April we plan to celebrate our jazz legends and young jazz musicians. Students of saxophone, electric guitar and electric bass will give a concert on Thursday April 11th at That same day at there will be a Jam Session with the students and professors of these instruments.

With these musical activities we want to pay homage to Jazz day. As some of you may know, it is Liz Vallet who made Alicante aware of this wonderful UNESCO celebration, and she also volunteered for the aecc for a couple of years, so we are tremendously excited about this event!!! The best musicians in the region and foreign masters meet in the weekly jam fusion more consolidated in the country. Su esencia tiene mucho que ver con los ritmos de la naturaleza. La vida misma. The pianist and composer Joshua Edelman pays homage to the oceans of the planet in his space for teaching, research and diffusion of jazz, Jazz Cultural Theater of Bilbao in a concert in which jazz, poetry and underwater images will be the protagonists.

Its essence has a lot to do with the rhythms of nature. It is the source of inspiration in which I grew up. A company continues. Life itself. Now the sea needs us to empathize with it, who has given us so much and who continues to give us. Jazz and poetry for the health of the Oceans. Infants thru 2nd of Primary: -Brief teacher presentation of the History of Jazz definition of Jazz music, place of birth, famous performers, the evolution of Jazz music from its birth until today.

Best known for being the leader, composer, guitarist and keyboardist of the acoustic jazz group Oregon, Ralph Towner also has a rich and varied career as a soloist, in which he has had productive and memorable collaborations with great modern musicians such as Gary Burton, John Abercrombie, Egberto Gismonti, Larry Coryell, Keith Jarrett, Jan Garbarek, and Gary Peacock.

Ralph Towner is an innovator in the modern music scene, plenty of fresh ideas, despite his long thirty years career. In the unusual setting for listening to jazz as a municipal market, we can enjoy the traditional jazz of this fantastic marching band. In a day of celebration of this universal music, the guarantors of their future could not miss it! Aquest drama musical narra les complicacions de la vida del trompetista Bleek Gilliam, i compta amb una banda sonora impressionant signada per Branford Marsalis i Terence Blanchard.

Sens dubte un dels millors films sobre el Jazz! Film director Spike Lee is a great advocate of Afro-American culture, and undoubtedly Jazz is one of his most unique expressions. This musical drama tells the complications of the life of trumpeter Bleek Gilliam, and has an impressive soundtrack signed by Branford Marsalis and Terence Blanchard.

Without a doubt one of the best jazz films. The Barcelona Street Parade will perform at night wandering around the Old Quarter by stopping at the collaborating establishments. Two Horses is the first CD of this duet with compositions ranging from ballad to percussion with a more animal character, going through zones of great improvisation. Fabrica La Isleta, multidisciplinary center, always at the forefront of the main events, also organizes a series of events to commemorate this date.

We will celebrate concerts, jazz marathons, masterclass, swing parties, wine tasting with jazz…. Madrid is a city with strong historical and cultural bonds with Jazz. The International Jazz Day Madrid will be celebrated from April 26th to May 5th thanks to the support of the City Council and La Noche En Vivo and will flood the streets and various spaces of the capital with concerts, jams, master classes, dance classes, conferences and exhibitions designed for the lovers of everything related to the jazz universe.

In this second edition will participate:. Live music venues Public music and dance schools. Specialized stores Street stages Dance schools. To celebrate the International Jazz Day that is celebrated every year around the world, we have thought of making a collaboration with the music s of the Musical Bar Sinestesia and the BCN Jazz Cycle for a concert full of surprises!!

Functional visualizations are more than innovative statistical analyses and computational algorithms. They must make sense to the user and require a visual language system that uses colour, shape, line, hierarchy and composition to communicate clearly and appropriately, much like the alphabetic and characterbased languages used worldwide between humans. Mackinlay J. Using vision to think 5. Spazio e gestalt, design e comunicazione 6.

Gorsky -Leningrad institute for informatics and automation World Scientific 9. Problem solving and cognitive skill acquisition. Posner Ed. Norman D. The Inmates Are Running the Asylum Thoughts on Interaction Design Kolko Thoughts on Interaction Design Positive psychology: An introduction. Arapakis, J.

Table of contents

Jose, P. Gray, Affective feedback: an investigation into the role of emotions in the information seeking. In questa sezione viene proposta una rassegna dei principali testi di riferimento rispetto al tema design thinking e dei principali risultati della sua applicazione in diversi ambiti di ricerca e produzione. Vengono descritti brevemente le metodologie e i risultati migliori delle ricerche di rilievo con particolare approfondimento per quelle presenti nell'ambito del computer science e della progettazione di applicazioni digitali.

Per la rilevanza della tesi vengono inoltre ricordati alcuni contributi scientifici che indagano come il design-thinking possa essere integrato con altri approcci di sviluppo e progettazione di software eg. Agile methods. Design-thinking refers to the theoretical sum of the skills, methodologies, tools and processes, peculiar of design.

Design-thinking as a concept, indeed, has been recently theorized in the attempt to formalize and convey the theoretical base and method of the design disciplines to high school courses students. As a style of thinking, it is generally considered the ability to combine empathy for the context of a problem, creativity in the generation of insights and solutions, and rationality to analyze and fit solutions to the context. Design-thinking is exploited in several, different contexts. A rich range of case studies of applied design-thinking can be found in R.

Curedale4 [] with examples of application 62 Nowadays, the concept has been upgraded to an upper level of thinking approach, called by Nussbaum, B. Liedtka and T. As explained and described in the book by C. An example of a design-thinking process, could see seven steps: - define - research - ideate - prototype - choose implement - learn. Like the design process described by B. Moggridge the design-thinking Hasso Plattner Institute of Design process is iterative and not linear. They are indeed iterative process, where the design steps can be often taken simultaneously and are followed and repeated in a non sequential order.

Dym, A. Agogino, O. Eris, D. Frey and L. Employing Design Principles. Six refers to Design thinking as an opposite way to proceed compared to engineering. Engineering is acknowledged to be a field which experts many designers will collaborate with. Design thinking may be the complete opposite - identifying as many alternative designs as possible that satisfy the most requirements and sacrifice perhaps only one or just a few.

The possibility of applying design-thinking to information visualization has still to be fully explored and the research here presented was driven by the goal to define a useful toolset to help developers going in this direction believing in its strong effectiveness. Finally, being visual thinking vital for the design-thinking but also a core aspect of the information representation here considered, a key text for this research is [18] Ware C.

Design methods 1 - Design methods 2 - ways to apply design-thinking. Get creative! How to build innovative companies. Designing for Growth: A design-thinking Toolkit for Managers 8. Symbols, signs, and metaphors are used through the medium of sketching, diagrams and technical drawings to translate abstract requirements into concrete objects. The way designers communicate, then, is through understanding this way of coding design requirements in order to produce built products.

Engineering design-thinking, Teaching and Learning Defining Ease of Use Lo studio della letteratura scientifica ha consentito di identificare una tassonomia dei tipi di dati e dei compiti tasks e obiettivi goals dell'utente, di confrontare le fasi del processo di design di una visualizzazione di informazioni e di una applicazione interattiva con il processo iterativo di design.

STRUMENTI: interviste - letteratura scientifica - osservazione diretta - caso studio - test e valutazione - sintesi e analisi dei risultati - visual thinking. A design-thinking approach drove the entire research process that lead to conceive the frameworks and the toolset can be defined as the result of design-thinking in action.

A preliminary literature review was essential to: - understand the theoretical frameworks and the background relative to information visualization and processes design - form a general conceptual base of the cognitive aspects to take into consideration for a better awareness of users goals and need - identify the main domain characteristics and open questions among the community of experts.

Following steps elaborating the scientific literature reviewed were: - understand and classify the kind of data concerned - understand the user mental models and behaviours and connect them to the use life cycle of the application 70 These steps led to : - define a strategy to help the developers slide the centre of the design process from the system to the user and boost the user awareness - define design frameworks and a methodology to exploit them - define tools to apply the strategy and the frameworks - prepare a prototype of the toolset - evaluate the tools conceived and the inquiry process proposed.

A first step to define what the contribute of design methodologies and approaches could be, has been apply design thinking frameworks to define the problem, the actors to which the research addresses to and the scenario of application. A direct collaborative experience allowed to verify and analyse the processes undertaken by developers and outline the differences between System Centred and User Centred development. An attentive reflection through the entire research course allowed meta-research about the dynamics of multidisciplinary collaboration between designers and engineers and the integration of design education, that could be interesting to develop in further works.

Taxonomy of data To design an information visualization the first step needed is to understand the different kind of data and the encoding channels. The kind of data here involved are primarily numeric or symbolic rather than physical e. Spatial data: where? Ordered data: how much? Relational data: why? What kind of connection relates them? What is the nature of the connection? Taxonomy of users' tasks and goals To better understand the users' needs and conceive their behaviours it has been useful to organize possible user tasks and goals in a schematic visualization that takes into consideration different factors interconnected and interdependent including the cognitive processes involved in each task and the cognitive ability required.

The first cognitive goal is to understand the received information. To achieve this goal any human being will seek to achieve a set of unconscious goals. Users' goals are, in fact, divided into two categories Conscious and Unconscious goals Conscious goals are rational intentions of the user, the purposes that drive the user to satisfy a mindful need intentionally conceived resulting from a thinking process, a intentionally pursued result. Unconscious goals are those unintentional need of the human cognitive process, instinctive purposes to be achieved to allow human reasoning ability.

To understand any information input, perceived by the five senses, humans need to create mental models, to support memory, and to distinguish and organize the informations. To achieve each of this unconscious goal a user will perform a set of tasks, for example see the big picture, dig into details, see properties of the items, see the categories and their properties, see the origins of items, etc. At a higher more complex level, particularly when managing relational data, humans will perform an analysis of the input data.

For this purpose a second set of cognitive goals must be achieved through another set of tasks. This analysis can be descriptive or predictive. To perform a descriptive analysis a user unconscious goals are, for example, create a mental map, organize elements into a structure, which are at the base of ontology building , draw a story out of data. The possible tasks to achieve this goals are numerous, for example : see the relations, see the relation types, define hierarchies, find patterns, find anomalies and differences, find clusters, cross compare items or categories, find trends and patterns, find unexpected behaviours, etc.

Predictive analysis are performed in order to make predictions about future events, to identify risks and opportunities. Information visualization process After performing a literature review I have analysed the information visualization design process proposed by B.

Fry5 that, as he states is, by necessity an iterative one6. Referring to this iterative process I could point out that the problems the user might encounter refers to one or more steps of the process, hence I have started defining why this problems emerge. According to the initial hypothesis the mentioned steps must be faced with a user-centred approach. To decide how to filter, parse, represent and then refine and how to design the interaction it is necessary to know who is going to use the visualization and to define what are the data to be represented and what it's structures could be on the base of what is the user purpose.

Since cognitive functions are influenced by user role and context it is important to define when and where the visualization will be used. For this reason was useful to design a visualization that combines the iterative process with the frameworks proposed. The infografic of a taxonomy of tasks and goals with the references to cognitive abilities required and the possible interaction with the data. To elaborate the version in the image aside it was used an exel file see image below that resulted quite complex and not very usable. The infografic is supposed to be used as inspiration for defining possible users goals ans how they could be achieved interacting with the application.

As emerged collaborating with developers the distinction between tasks and goals is a main issue to take into consideration and it's not always clear for them. The taxonomy could be completed and upgraded. Visual supports Visual tool 01 — System vs User-centred approach The slides img pag represent the different approach to application development and can be used by the interviewer to illustrate to the developer the differences between user-centred and system-centred processes. Visual tool 02 — Visual tool inquiry method description This digital interactive tool, elaborated using an online tool Prezi can be useful to inform the developer about how the collaboration will be conducted.

The taxonomy contains only a limited number of possibilities, that are the most common and frequent, thus has to be used only for hints and for inspiration and could profitably be increased and upgraded with further topics for each case. Visual tool 04 — fulfilling the scenario.

This template can be use to elaborate a detailed scenario answering the frameworks questions. The developer will use colored post-it to write the answer to the proposed questions sticking them in correspondence to the relative question. The template has been changed from the initial version, because the post-it flexibility allows to reflect better the progressive fulfilment of the scenario and the possibility of adding information gradually.

Visual tool 05 — evaluation module An empty module can be used in the test phase to report the user problem. The module is a grid were the problems can be reported as described by the user, analysed by the user point view emotional, perceptual, cognitive and from the system side communication, visualization, interaction. The module, exploited with users in the first evaluation step was useful to better understand the origin of the problems that emerged and can be exploited to communicate them to other members of the team. The discovery hub — a case study For the research it was analysed and used the case study of Discovery Hub.

The case study was useful to evaluate the toolset and more specifically the frameworks conceived on this application. It widens your cultural and knowledge horizons by revealing and explaining unattended information. Based on Wikipedia and DBpedia data, Discovery Hub is cross-domain and works on numerous topics including music, cinema, literature but also politics, automobile and much more. It allows performing queries in an innovative way and helps you to navigate rich results. As a hub, it proposes redirections to others platforms to make you benefit from your discoveries Youtube, Deezer and more.

The purpose is enable ta system solving composite, potentially heterogeneous, interest queries. It is an exploratory search engine offering advanced querying, browsing and explanation strategies for discovery purposes. The classes in the propagation domain are used as navigational items to build facets e. Band, Film. Classes are chosen in decreasing count order. A set of filters per facet is proposed using DBpedia categories thanks to the query below.

To foster discovery we put in evidence categories i. It aims to drive user in unexpected browsing paths and thus augments the discovery potential of the application. Filters have a cumulative effect. When a user is interested or intrigued by an item, can ask for three different explanations thanks to three features. The criteria of relevance and the algorithm working depend on technical constraints related to speed in performing the operations and to the dimension of the data to compute; - features and categories of a node are given on an objective base from the database.

In papers this aspect was not developed but exploiting the hub as a recommendation system is one of the goal the developers. Design activities. Cognitive Function Analysis 6. Computational information design 7. Sketching User Experiences. I design frameworks proposti, elemento fondamentale del toolset, sono costituiti dalle 6W. Le 6w che hanno una lunghissima storia nella filosofia e nella retorica occidentale e vengono utilizzate in differenti settori, costituiscono la base concettuale dell'approccio tipico delle discipline del design al progetto. A queste domande fondamentali viene aggiunta la domanda "What if?

The power of asking questions has long tradition since ancient greek and roman culture. Main part of the methodology is Problem-Based Learning PBL , a student-centred pedagogical method that relies on active learning and in the personal involvement in constructing knowledge. PBL was expanded from pedagogical, educational method into a scientific research method. National Science Educational Standards of In every project, included a paper writing, it is vital to have clear mind of these elements, that should always be kept well visible in front of the developer.

Research practice that ignores context is doomed to misunderstanding and misrepresentation. To design an information visualization application the goals to keep in mind are users goals and how to make the application functionalities enhance them. For this reasons, as stated before, the 6Ws are supposed to be useful, in this kind of projects, to trace user- centred, contextualized scenario. Answering these question will help: better define the issue to face the application strong points, decide the audience and the context of use and most important the purpose of use.

This question has to be reformulated several times for each W question to generate new possibilities. A particular relevance has to be put on the question WHY? It also allowed to investigate the application potentialities revealing new possibilities. Dewey Logic: The Theory of Inquiry 2. In questa sezione si riporta il prototipo dei templates elaborati. Lo schema mostra in quale step del processo di applicazione dei frameworks i templates possono essere sfruttati.

Il formato A3, risulta preferibile, per agevolare la collaborazione e l'interazione. I template riportati nelle pagine seguenti sono stati pensati come supporto al processo collaborativo user-centred di design di una applicazione interattiva di visualizzazione di informazioni. Lo schema in queste pagine fornisce indicazione in quale momento del processo di utilizzo dei frameworks di progetto si ritiene i template possano essere sfruttati.

Due tipi di template sono distinti cromaticamente. A main issue among user experience communities1 is how to actually implement heuristics prioritizing web usability guidelines and best practices2. A shared agreed concept is that heuristics must be contextualized, and chosen for the specific application. For this reason a selection of heuristics, result of a literature review of existing heuristics concerning UI, experience design, human-computer interaction and information visualization are given to the developers, in a template as decisional support.

The heuristics here reported have been chosen on the base of the case study as an example of interactive information visualization. Their use is supposed to support the developer in making the choice of what elements to represent, how to represent them and how to design usability in interaction. Too many elements that convey similar information are not necessary. Elements conveying different information should be clearly distinguished to avoid confusion.

If it has been proved to be effective and simple to achieve an intended goal first the user will interact further. As the user has been allowed to arrive to a certain content or page should be able to go back. Connection between two items must be two-way, a item connected to another one should be linked back. The Heuristic n 10 represent the core concept of the design frameworks proposed. In [33] Jacko, J. Pages London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, With T.

In particolare viene simulato l'utilizzo della domanda "what if? Le risposte a ciascuna domanda contribuiscono a completare in maniera progressiva anche le informazioni relative ad altre domande e complessivamente a completare uno scenario d'uso dell'applicazione utile come base per il design dell'architettura dell'informazione del sistema. Idealmente si prevede che il processo di "intervista" sia guidato da un membro del team di sviluppo con un background personale nei settori di ICT e visualizzazione di informazioni e preparato ad un approccio metodologico adeguato al design-thinking.

The ideal situation to apply design-thinking to the development of interactive information visualization is a collaborative process. For this reason the design frameworks and the inquiry process would involve an interviewer ideal would be a visual or interaction designer, or HCI expert with a designthinking orientation and preparation and the application developer or developers knowledge engineer or computer scientist.

During the collaborative interview they will exploit the given tools to design the application. In particular the interviewer will lead the interview with an inquiry approach exploiting the given design frameworks to trace a user-centred contextualized scenario. Gradually the answers to the given question will help tracing a more and more detailed scenario. As already explained a most relevant attitude during the. The interviewer will help the developer tracing the scenario suggesting users goals, possible different situations and motivations.

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The scenario will help defining the main elements of the system to be chosen and how they have to be organized to match with the identified users goals, the scenario will also be the base upon which to design the system interface and develop the interaction possibility. The following is an example of the inquiry method applied to the Discovery Hub. To Identify the user allows to formulate a first important distinction and the need to imagine how the users will find and access the application: first access user - how does the user arrive to the Discovery Hub?

What can be shown to retain a regular user, and increase the possibility that will continue using the system daily? What is the hub? What goals can it enhance? How should it be used? What is the hub utility? What is its working core? What does the user have to know about the hub? What abilities are required to the user? What are its strong points? What are the weaknesses? Any difference in the interface? What if is NOT very confident in the browser functionality? Why do other similar systems fail or are successful?

What distinguishes the hub from other utilities? What makes it an innovative resource? What is its content? What are the data? What is their structure? What are the possible categories? Are there subcategories? Are there patterns or repeated elements? What are the data properties? Do they pertain to a specific period? A specific country? What are the relations? Between single items? Among classes? Between a class and its subclasses? Among subclasses? What typology of relations can the hub show? Connection — containment — proximity — similarity? What does the developer wants to show to the users?

What of this information can the user find in the hub? What does the developer want to show? Which of this goal wants to achieve? How will the user interact with the system? How does the system show this information? How can relational data be represented? How can a user distinguish the typology of connections? How can the visualization enhance the outlined user goals? How is it possible to design the system interface to optimize its potentialities? Can be given an adjustable, personalizable profile? Can be given a personal search history to recall the query and retrace the discovery made?

Can be given personalized recommendations on the base of personal navigation history or on the base of shared interests with other community members? What if is female? Can the interface be neutral or personalized? What if the results were differentiated? What if the user is Arabic mother tongue? What if is not very confident in the browser functionality? What if the user is accustomed to other search engines?

What if the user is a curious person and wants to explore and discover information? What if is not curious just want quick specific answers to queries? What if the knowledge is superficial and the user wants more information and deepen the basic general knowledge? It is important to clearly and precisely define the system utilities and potentialities in order to exploit them at best.

Are there. Do they pertain to a specific period or specific country? Are there Subjective relations? Where is the user going to use the hub? What if the user uses it at home on holidays or free time? What if in the office for work? On what support? When is the user going to use the hub? What if the user will use it alone? What if will be with friends? What if the user hasn't much time to explore it? What if the user uses the hub occasionally? What if uses it on a daily base? Why does the user wants to use the hub? What if the user wants to: - find a specific item, class, subclass?

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  7. Why does the user wants to see this kind of information? Which of this goal wants to enable? How can the user find this information in the hub data? The process is clearly a nonlinear one. The scenario is, indeed, traced completing progressively each of the six topics corresponding to each question and some answers. For example the answer the question WHO? Tracing the user profile grows with the progression of the following answers. While answering the question WHEN? For this reason post-it should be used to exploit the possibility of adding them progressively and moving them where needed.

    This question, indeed, refers directly to the user goals. This question will have to be formulated and repeated taking into consideration both the conscious and unconscious goals of the user. To help the developers in this step the given taxonomy can be a valid base as a a reminder of central aspects to take account of and suggesting unconscious goals. It is impossible to imagine all the possible user goals but certainly some most common or most likely can be defined. Organizing the information and the system interaction according to this goals will enable the user to understand the application purposes, have a clear mind of its functionalities and thus enable also the achievement of other more complex goals.

    Clearly not all the emerged considerations might correspond, first of all, to the developers goal and some answers may not allow an interesting improvement to the system. The choice has to be explicitly made by the developer. The solutions chosen by the developer should be guided by the goal to find the best options that enables the application to merge and satisfy the most relevant and interesting ideas and make sure that the application utilities match users' goals. To this purpose the developer might take into consideration the general heuristics suggested session heuristics chosen to be helpful in this step of the process and support decision making.

    Reviewing the traced scenario and the reflections emerged thanks to the questions the developer will remove the post-it with the ideas that does not need to be taken into consideration or developed further in a first instance, and keep them for further development. While answering the questions, it might be useful to sketch ideas on papers or white boards for example: - answering the question WHAT?

    The answers from the questions WHEN? It is important to take note of examples known to check and confront the applications and take inspiration from their strong points and try to improve the weaknesses. As shown in the schema the templates have been conceived to follow step by step the design process. Inoltre dal secondo step di valutazione emerge che la procedura e il toolset , ancora da perfezionare, costituiscono un supporto efficace per aumentare negli sviluppatori la consapevolezza degli utenti finali e prevedere le loro aspettative e obiettivi, guidando la progettazione user-centred non solo dell'interfaccia e della rappresentazione delle informazioni ma dell'intera architettura dell'applicazione.

    STRUMENTI: interviste - osservazione diretta - caso studio - prototipo - test e valutazione - sintesi e analisi ragionata dei risultati - supporti visivi. The frameworks were meant to be validated in three steps. The first step was held in the test phase of the development process As said before, the design process is an iterative process with different steps. This option harmonize with the design-thinking approach that relies on the use of early stages of prototypes to be refined according to users' feedback.

    The first step goal was to verify if the frameworks are useful to analyse the application usability and understand possible user problems. The second step consisted in a direct interview with the developers. During this meeting the proposed inquiry process and the templates were exploited in a collaborative session. The goal was to state if the toolset is useful to better understand the application usability problems and to help planning the redesign.

    In this step were followed the conceived approach to apply the frameworks and to use the templates. The goal to achieve, in this case, was to state to what extent the developers had taken into consideration the end-users. The second step of the evaluation was useful to verify the process effectiveness and to highlight strong and weak points of the toolset to refine the prototype In the following sections will be presented in details the preparation and the results of the two steps.

    A third step, is the projection of a future work. It would involve testing the entire toolset, refined after the second step results, with other developers of similar applications. The third step could be applied in two different step of the development process: in the prototype and test phase of a working prototype and in earlier stages define and research of the design process.

    Sono stati scelti cinque volontari, con differenti modelli mentali dell'applicazione cui sono stati proposti due scenari ciascuno con due obiettivi da raggiungere. In questa sezione viene descritta la procedura del test e i risultati ottenuti. The first step to evaluate the frameworks consisted in testing the Discovery Hub on five volunteers. A first trial session was held on Mr Giboin. Applying the frameworks to trace the user profile answering the question who? This distinction, as will be explained in the recommendations section, is most important to correctly design the interaction.

    Another consideration was made: Mr Giboin was aware of the intended purposes of the hub, had a correct Mental Model1 of the application. We realized that other users, including the test volunteers, might have had a similar or a different previous knowledge of the Hub or, oppositely, might have never heard of it before. We decided that it could be interesting to verify if a different starting point in the application knowledge would imply different responses and different behaviours. For this reason the five volunteers, all first time users, were chosen with different preconceived Mental Models and knowledge of the.

    Their knowledge was verified in the short interview at the beginning of the test. Five Mental Models of first time users have been outlined as follows and the volunteers were selected in order to have an example each: No Mental Model — user n. As will be explained in the results analysis section, distinguishing this five type of user and relative MM was useful not only to analyse the problems that emerged in achieving the application comprehension goal, but also to compare and analyse the results of other, following goals. The problems that emerged during the test were, firstly, formulated and described as reported by the users or detected by the tester during the evaluation phase.

    Its purpose of use is to assist the user in exploratory search, to enhance the discovery and find recommendations about new interesting items and topics starting from a fuzzy query, or a referential item. On the base of this developer statement, the first aim of the test, was to evaluate the user comprehension of the application scope and detect and identify the problems, encountered by the user, in understanding the system utilities, and to verify the effectiveness of the interface in communicating the system goals.

    What elements are connected? The test, for this reasons was also focused on evaluating the validity of the results representation and organization and the connection visualization. The visualization of the relations among the results in fact is a main topic of the hub, for this reason the test aimed at verifying the effectiveness of the visualization of relational data3 and the organization of the conveyed information. Another important aim of the test was to detect the user cognitive, unconscious goals in performing each task in the process of achieving a conscious goal.

    Results Minor problems Minor problems of the Discovery Hub, as emerged from the test, are here considered those problems, not related to cognitive functions but mainly to perceptual problems and dependent only on a non-optimal design of the visual interface and of the interaction. This kind of problems are most likely to be difficult to be prevented in the first design phase without a working prototype. Even if they interfere with the interaction, complicating the accomplishment of a task and thus might trouble the smoothness of the navigation to the point of pushing the user to abandon the application, they do not directly prevent the achievement of a goal, and do not need a global redesign of the application to be fixed.

    Minor problems are less interesting for the present research purposes, for this reason they will not be examined in depth here. Nonetheless, it can be useful to check out also this kind of problems found before releasing a new version, especially because often this problems exacerbate the main ones. Thus to help preventing similar issues, they are reported in Appendix A Main problems Main problems seems, instead, to originate from cognitive problems and emotional biases.

    The test, in fact, demonstrates that main usability problems depends on missed goals either conscious or unconscious, that correspond to the user's needs and expectations. As shown in fig. Most severe problems, detected by the users can, indeed, be lead back to them. In the following pages the problems will be described from the user point of view and will be related to the conscious and unconscious goals.

    Communicate the system criteria for the results selection, meet personal criteria of similarity in the items displayed as results of a query. The user has personal criteria and the system criteria are not relevant enough to allow the user assume them. Understand the system criteria for the results selection, meet personal criteria for similarity in the items displayed as results of a query.

    This problem is generated by a wrong mental model, that in particular was given to the user by the developer and refers to the problem mentioned above. The user wants to use the system as a search engine expecting to find a list of web pages, images, information and other types of files.

    HUB 24 The user with a fuzzy MM and the user who had not a correct cognition of the hub purposes and functionalities were mislead by some elements of the interface, that made them think that the hub is a search engine. HUB The purposes of the hub are not immediately self evident. The introductory explanatory text of the login page is not effective to enable this goal. HUB 01 All of the users tested has jumped over it without reading, considering it a common disclaimer, that are most of the time instinctively avoided.

    Understand the system organization of the results display, organize the results into a mental map, divide the results into categories or subsets. The user cannot easily find explanations about how the displayed results are organized. Img Hub 02 The results page displayed after a query is a mosaic where the elements are perceived as:.

    The user needs to organize the results and refine the search. In the detailed list, where filters are offered, this possibility is not detected. The filter buttons on top of the page are not detected by the user. This reveals to be a useful utility after the user is informed of it. Img Hub 04 In the list visualization the results are numbered suggesting a hierarchy of contents. The users, though, detected that the ranking is not coherent to any understandable criteria. The hierarchy of the elements displayed is not clear and the elements in common are not visible immediately.

    This requires that the user performs many task, keeping information in mind and loosing the important visual support. Common elements are not visible at first and the user must look for them. The user interaction possibilities with the results are limited. The users would be curious to discover why the two items are connected or they might like to know more about them, but they will not perform the complex set of tasks required to get the informations unless the item is considered really important.

    To allow knowledge building it is necessary for humans to create mental maps of the topic of interest. The results are not represented in cognitive comprehensible structure, the ontology behind the results is not detectable. When a complex query is performed, for example two or more elements together, no element of the interface is communicating that the results displayed refers to the items in common to the two searched ones.

    Create a mental model of an unknown item and evaluate it, understand the connected items and evaluate them. The user will try to get more information about it relying on a traditional search engine or using Wikipedia. The results don't satisfy the mental criteria Good relations are expected Hard to understand the nature of relations. Semantic mapping missing Don't understand the results given Don't understand the relations. It's interesting noticing that the user who had a wrong MM of the application considering the Hub a Movie recommendation system could not discover any interesting information.

    Being too focused on a specific goal the user was not open in digging into information, the curiosity was not stimulated and the frustration of not being able to achieve the goal was preventing the possibility of a wider exploration. Results analysis For the test results analysis were prepared two visualizations Results Analysis 01, Results Analysis 02 that helped pointing the following interesting remarks: About the mosaic.

    The scenarios were designed to evaluate the representation of the information displayed and the user difficulties and needs in understanding the nature of the connections and be supported in making a decision. The Mosaic was useful in the first scenario only for the user who had a correct preconceived mental model. This user knew why the results were displayed and what to look for. The users with no mental model and with a limited one, who could understand the application potentialities after performing a few tasks, considered the mosaic representation partially useful.

    Other users could not understand the mosaic representation. For none of the users the mosaic visualization was helpful in the second scenario where there were less pictures available and the topic was not known. All of the users preferred the detailed list visualization. This visualization though had to be suggested since, the two possibilities of results visualization had to be explained to all the five users.

    The users were asked to evidence three tools that helped them fulfil the given goal. The graph emerge to be the second most useful tool confirming the power of visual explanations. Other problems detected by the users refers to perceptual and emotional aspects. In fact subjective criteria in evaluating a recommendation are not available in the application.

    The users whose criteria for choosing a film in the first scenario were more subjective, Feelings, Emotions, Atmosphere see appendix C could not fulfil the goal Cognitive bias3. This user was expecting different results and was not satisfied by the suggested similar results, nonetheless, not having a preconceived mental model of the hub as a recommendation system, could enjoy finding other interesting information. Furthermore, for this user, it was easier to achieve the goals of the second scenario because had no emotional criteria to fulfil. Items that might not find the personal interests were harder to find for other users because they could not compare the elements and make a clear idea of the item.

    This was especially true in the second scenario where the elements were unknown. In this case instead the user who had less strict personal criteria of choice, not having expectations or emotional restrictions, could fulfil the goals more easily, being driven by curiosity and open mind. We can argue that having a specific goal, like identify an item as a recommendation, is not the main utility of the hub that is instead better used as an information discovery tool. GOAL 06 Learn significant information.

    The test results analysis helped, thus, to outline a mismatching between the developer MM and the system utilities. In fact after the test session a question emerged: does the system functionalities correspond to the developer MM and to the application intended goals? Does the description and the explanation, given by the developer, correspond to the interface functionalities and potentialities? If not is it possible to correct the application to achieve the prefigured goal?

    How to? The wrong mental model was given to the user tested by a direct presentation of the application by the developers. The hub is a tool that enables to discover relations, find items connected to a searched one and thus discover interesting and unexpected information. It is necessary to take into consideration three important aspects: 1. This kind of utility is quite new among web applications; users are accustomed to common search engines and to recommendation systems.

    Both this applications work in a different way and display information in a different way. A recommendation system cannot prescind from a judgeDiscovery hub recommendation system ment that involves also emotional aspects. Effective recommendations can be made only by humans see img Recommendation system vs discovery engine.

    Missing to take into consideration this aspect the hub, as it is, cannot be effective especially if compared to other recommendation tool. First of all, it must be considered that users are used to think Mental Model about recommendations in a sense of "similarity" between same kind of items: for example from a mentioned film, song, painting, photographer and we expect suggestions of other films, songs, paintings, photographers that might like. Another big difference from traditional recommendation system is in the way the information are provided. The hub should communicate this great potentiality and show a new way of discovering items and building knowledge from semantic connections.

    Discovery hub says: "you might want to know that For example: if somebody says that loves Nordic countries than I will say "oh yes! Do you know the Hurtigruten? Have you ever seen the northern lights? Have you ever been to Iceland? You should listen to the Sigur Ros! And watch "Ondine" the film with Colin Farrell, who also played in "In bruges". Would you like to visit Norway? Ontology example behind this example allows to find a big range of information in different fields, from the smallest details to the bigger picture starting from any of the mentioned element, let's say for example the traditional cheese.

    The scenario of the test intentionally did not include the possibility of finding a different typology of information to evaluate the spontaneous possibility of making discoveries. The users tested were too concentrated in fulfilling the given task, using the Hub as a recommendation tool, that the possibility of other discovery was perceived as a distraction. A system can give information, can show common elements, can compare and associate items according to one or more of the different aspects that compose the complexity of an item. The kind of similarity a technological system can detect and suggest is based only on shared elements, but cannot comprehend human evaluating criteria set by human factors.

    The cast is the same, so from that point of view they are similar, two comedies are similar because they are supposed to cheer up the public, two french music artists are similar because they are french and they are music artists. Human factors comprehend of course non measurable values like emotions, feelings, atmosphere, memories, taste. To allow the Hub to be a recommendation system, as the developers wish to, a few changes have to be made and they will be described in the recommendation session.

    Discovery hub search engine. If the user will use the hub as an alternative, for instance, to Google or other search engines, that means to understand what an item is and learn more information about it, or find links on the web, will probably be disappointed. Google and other common search engines give links to exhaustive information about the item itself. The results displayed will give enough information to identify it and will also provide the most relevant sites relative to where the item can be found, helping the user compose a satisfying knowledge and a good understanding of the searched item.

    The Discovery Hub, instead, provides very short explanation, a limited number of links and generally doesn't include the direct link to the main site of the item. If a user needs to learn more information about an item will probably get more satisfaction performing a query on a traditional search engine The powerful, innovative aspect of the Discovery Hub, instead, is in showing a net of connections that standard search applications don't show. Discovery engines like discovery hub might allow an innovative and interesting use of online information. Nonetheless it is necessary to attend the user through the system functionalities to create a new.

    It is vital that it shows new possibilities, and the advantages of semantic construction of information connections. To develop the Discovery Hub is not designing an application for a function, it is designing a new function. The user needs to become confident in the potentialities of the application, and learn to appreciate the possibility of this kind of utility, especially considering the common case of users, non confident with the ontology concept and semantic research, who might have more problems understanding this functionality.

    As demonstrated in the example above this difference can be made simply in the way the results are proposed. If the users think that are consulting a recommendation system and expect to be proposed results relevant as a recommendations many of. It would be necessary to figure out what the users were looking for, to understand what their evaluating criteria might be. Who is the user? Why is the user using the application? So why is the user curios to discover more information about an item? Does the user want to find similar items?

    Is the user an expert of that topic? For example: what if a user is looking for french rock bands starting from a known one e. What if a user is looking for famous artistic couples, what if a user wants to know more about french music? What if a user is a big fan of Serge Gainsbourg and wants to know more about him?

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